Διευρύνεται το χάσμα του προσδόκιμου ζωής ανάμεσα σε γυναίκες στις φτωχές και στις πλούσιες χώρες – Life expectancy gap growing between rich/poor world women

Residents are seen in a senior citizens' home in Svetlograd

Το προσδόκιμο της ζωής των γυναικών στα 50 τους έχει αυξηθεί, αλλά το χάσμα μεταξύ γυναικών στις φτωχές και στις πλούσιες χώρες διευρύνεται και μπορεί να διευρυνθεί περαιτέρω χωρίς την καλύτερη διάγνωση και θεραπεία των καρδιαγγειακών νοσημάτων και του καρκίνου, ανακοίνωσε σήμερα ο Παγκόσμιος Οργανισμός Υγείας (Π.Ο.Υ).

Μελέτη του Π.Ο.Υ–μία από τις πρώτες που αναλύει τα αίτια θανάτου μεγαλύτερων γυναικών– διαπίστωσε ότι στις πλουσιότερες χώρες το ποσοστό των θανάτων που οφείλεται σε μη μεταδιδόμενες ασθένειες έχει μειωθεί δραματικά κατά τις τελευταίες δεκαετίες–ειδικά από καρκίνους του στομάχου, του παχέος εντέρου, του μαστού και του τραχήλου της μήτρας.

Επίσης, οι γυναίκες άνω των 50 ετών σε χώρες με χαμηλό και μεσαίο εισόδημα ζουν περισσότερα χρόνια, αλλά πεθαίνουν σε μικρότερη ηλικία –σε σχέση με εκείνες σε πλούσιες χώρες –από χρόνιες παθήσεις περιλαμβανομένου του διαβήτη, σύμφωνα με την ίδια πηγή.

who-logo

Life expectancy for women at 50 has improved but the gap between poor and rich countries is growing and could worsen without better detection and treatment of cardiovascular disease and cancers, the World Health Organization (WHO) says in a new study.

The WHO study, one of the first to analyze the causes of death of older women, found that in wealthier countries deaths from noncommunicable diseases has fallen dramatically in recent decades, especially from cancers of the stomach, colon, breast and cervix.

Women over 50 in low and middle-income countries are also living longer, but chronic ailments, including diabetes, kill them at an earlier age than their counterparts, it said.

“The gap in life expectancy between such women in rich and poor countries is growing,”  the WHO researchers wrote.

“More women can expect to live longer and not just survive child birth and childhood. But what we found is that improvement is much stronger in the rich world than in the poor world. The disparity between the two is increasing,” Dr. John Beard, director of WHO’s department of aging and life course, said in an interview.

“What it also points to is that we need particularly in low and middle-income countries to start to think about how these emerging needs of women get addressed. The success in the rich world would suggest that is through better prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases,” Beard added.

“In women over 50, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cancers, heart disease and strokes, are the most common causes of death, regardless of the level of economic development of their country,” the report reads.

Health ministers from WHO’s 194 member states agreed on a global action plan to prevent and control noncommunicable diseases at their annual ministerial meeting in May.

Developed countries have tackled cardiovascular diseases and cancers in women with tangible results, the study found.

Fewer women aged 50 and older in rich countries are dying from heart disease, stroke and diabetes than 30 years ago and the improvements contributed most to increasing women’s life expectancy at the age of 50, it said. An older woman in Germany can now expect to live to 84, and in Japan to 88, against 73 in South Africa and 80 in Mexico.

“That reflects two things: better prevention, particularly clinical prevention around control of hypertension and screening of cervical cancer, but it also reflects better treatment,” Beard said.

“I think that is particularly true for breast cancer where women with breast cancer are much better managed these days in the rich world. That also explains the disparity,” he added.

Low-income countries, especially in Africa, offer community services to treat diseases like AIDS or offer maternal care but many lack services to detect or treat breast cancer.

In many developing countries, there is also limited access to high blood pressure medication to treat hypertension, one of the biggest risk factors for death, Beard said.

Women with cardiovascular disease and cancers need the kind of chronic treatment provided to those with the AIDS virus HIV, he said.

Source

Read also:

Τα σοβαρά οικονομικά προβλήματα μειώνουν τις διανοητικές ικανότητες – Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life

Το κακάο βοηθά τους ηλικιωμένους να έχουν υγιή μνήμη  – Two cups of cocoa a day may boost memory

Με χειρότερες νοητικές και σχολικές επιδόσεις τα παιδιά που κοιμούνται αργά – Regular bedtimes better for young minds

Φταίνε οι άνδρες για την γυναικεία εμμηνόπαυση; – Why men are to blame for women’s menopause

2 Responses

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: