Σε ποιες χώρες είναι καλύτερα να γερνάς και σε ποιες όχι – The best and worst countries to grow old

happiest-nations-8-austria

Πού συμφέρει κανείς να γερνάει και πού όχι; Σύμφωνα με μια νέα έρευνα για τις συνθήκες γήρανσης διεθνώς, σίγουρα δεν είναι ίδιες όλες οι χώρες του πλανήτη για έναν ηλικιωμένο και συνταξιούχο. Η Ελλάδα βρίσκεται στην 58η θέση της παγκόσμιας κατάταξης του Δείκτη Global AgeWatch, χαμηλότερα από την Αλβανία (39η), την Κύπρο (57η) και τις υπόλοιπες ευρωπαϊκές χώρες πλην της Πολωνίας (62η). Ο Δείκτης δόθηκε στη δημοσιότητα με αφορμή τη σημερινή Διεθνή Ημέρα Ηλικιωμένων του ΟΗΕ.

Για μια ακόμη φορά οι Σκανδιναβοί κυριαρχούν σε μια παγκόσμια κατάταξη. Καλύτερη χώρα για τους ηλικιωμένους ανακηρύχθηκε η Σουηδία, ενώ την πρώτη πεντάδα κατά σειρά συμπληρώνουν η Νορβηγία, η Γερμανία, η Ολλανδία και ο Καναδάς, με τις ΗΠΑ να βρίσκονται στην 8η θέση. Στον «πάτο» της λίστας βρίσκεται το Αφγανιστάν (91η θέση), ενώ η γειτονική Τουρκία είναι 70ή. Σε υψηλότερη θέση από την Ελλάδα εμφανίζονται χώρες όπως η Ουρουγουάη, η Κόστα Ρίκα, ο Ισημερινός, η Σρι Λάνκα, η Γεωργία, οι Φλιππίνες, το Τατζικιστάν και η Κολομβία.

Η έκθεση τονίζει ότι, όπως και οι άλλες χώρες στη νοτιανατολική Ευρώπη, η Ελλάδα έχει πολλούς ηλικιωμένους. Ο πληθυσμός των ατόμων άνω των 60 ετών στη χώρα μας υπολογίζεται σε περίπου 2,8 εκατ. ή 24,7% του ελληνικού πληθυσμού (ένας στους τέσσερις κατοίκους).

shutterstock-sweden

Sweden is the best place to grow old and Afghanistan the worst, according to  a UN-backed study on Tuesday that warns many countries are ill-prepared to deal  with the old age time bomb.

In a rapidly greying world, the Global AgeWatch Index — the first of its  kind — found that Sweden, known for its generous welfare state, followed by  Norway and Germany were best equipped to deal with the challenges of an aging  population.

How countries care for their senior citizens will become increasingly  important as the number of people over the age of 60 is set to soar from some  809 million today to more than two billion by 2050 — when they will account for  more than one in five people on the planet, the report said.

“The 21st century is seeing an unprecedented global demographic transition,  with population ageing at its heart,” the authors of the study said.

The survey ranked many African and South Asian countries as the worst places  to be retired, with Tanzania, Pakistan and Afghanistan rounding out the bottom  three.

The index was compiled by the HelpAge International advocacy group and the  UN Population Fund in a bid to provide much-needed data on ageing populations  worldwide.

It ranked the social and economic wellbeing of the elderly in 91 countries,  by comparing data from the World Health Organization and other global agencies  on older people’s incomes, health, education, employment and their  environments.

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While the world’s richest countries — including Western European nations,  the U.S. and Japan — predictably ranked highly, the report somewhat  surprisingly found that a number of lower-income countries had put in place  policies that signficantly improved the quality of life for their elderly.

Bolivia, which offers free healthcare to its older citizens despite being  one of the poorest surveyed countries, and Sri Lanka, with its long-term  investments in health and education, were among those singled out for  praise.

HelpAge’s chief executive Silvia Stefanoni said a lack of urgency in the  debate about older people’s wellbeing “is one of the biggest obstacles to  meeting the needs of the world’s ageing population”.

“By giving us a better understanding of the quality of life of women and men  as they age, this new index can help us focus our attention on where things are  going well and where we have to make improvements,” she said in a statement.

The study also noted that some of the top-ranking countries had introduced  successful policies to care for the elderly at a time when they were still  emerging economies.

Sweden for instance put in place its universal pension system a century ago,  while Norway introduced its system in 1937, it said.

“Limited resources need not be a barrier to countries providing for their  older citizens,” the report said.

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The emerging economies of Brazil and China ranked 31st and 35th in the  survey, while South Africa, India and Russia came in much lower at 65, 73 and 78  respectively.

On a positive note, the survey found that some countries and regions that  were ageing the fastest were already preparing for the democratic shift.

Latin American countries, which face a doubling of their elderly populations  by 2050, are well represented among the top 30, the index showed, with Chile and  Uruguay in 19th and 23rd place.

But some eastern European countries still have much work to do, it showed,  with Moldova ranking 76th and Montenegro at 83rd place.

Top 10:

1. Sweden

2. Norway

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3. Germany

4. Netherlands

5. Canada

6. Switzerland

7. New Zealand

8. USA

9. Iceland

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10. Japan

Britain came in at 13, ahead of Australia (14) and France (18).

Lower down in the rankings were the emerging economies of Brazil (31), China  (35), South Africa (65), India (73) and Russia (78).

Bottom 10:

82. Honduras

83. Montenegro

84. West Bank and Gaza

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85. Nigeria

86. Malawi

87. Rwanda

88. Jordan

89. Pakistan

90. Tanzania

91. Afghanistan

Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/best-worst-countries-grow-old-article-1.1473953#ixzz2gdSEvjjb

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